S.F. ballot measure: Affordable developers get first shot at public land

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Supervisor Jane Kim.

Spencer A Brown

Supervisor Jane Kim.

 

Voters will likely get a say this November if affordable housing developers should get the first shot at building on extra city-owned land, rounding out a ballot that will be filled with real estate issues.

A ballot measure endorsed by four supervisors from the progressive wing would “prioritize surplus and underutilized public land for 100 percent affordable housing,” or at least try to get public sites in line with last year’s Proposition K goal to build projects with 33 percent affordable housing.

The measure was filed with the Department of Elections on Tuesday, the final day to secure a ballot spot. It hasn’t hit the department’s website yet, but was filed in its City Hall office and announced by Supervisor Jane Kim.

As it stands, the city typically walks a tricky line when trying to figuring out what should get built on public land. Two clear cases illustrate the challenge.

First, City College of San Francisco wants a developer to build mostly market-rate housing (200 to 300 units) on a large property it owns at 33 Gough St. That development would be a boon to the cash-strapped community college, but wouldn't provide as much revenue if the land is slated for a high number of affordable units. (CCSF is part of a state, not city, agency though.)

Second, the city recently received bids to develop its 30 Van Ness site, which could hold an office or residential tower in an area of the city about to pop with highrises — giving the city a jolt of revenue.

Affordable housing advocates have said both cases would present lost opportunities for more low-income housing to be built in San Francisco, particularly as "public land in our little 7 (mile) by 7 (mile) city is arguably the most precious asset we have for addressing affordable housing needs," said Peter Cohen, co-director of the Council of Community Housing Organizations.

“We need more sites that are a land bank to build housing in various neighborhoods over time so we can be stable in the highs and lows of the market," he said. "Otherwise you’re in a crisis moment, behind the eight ball, and trying to find a site here or there. It’s a highly competitive game in the market."

The mayor rolled out a “public sites program” as part of his affordable housing initiative last year, but would usually give agencies more flexibility to determine surplus sites’ usages.

The mayor’s office may resist progressives’ push for this ballot measure because it often takes revenue from market-rate units to help pay for affordable housing on public land, and building affordable housing on public sites requires big subsidies.

As I wrote in December when the Planning Commission meeting took on this issue: “The city says it will prioritize low- and middle-income housing, but cautioned that some sites may be better suited for other uses. ... Designating more sites for affordable housing instead of market-rate housing could handcuff the possible revenue that those sites could produce for city services like transportation.”

Developers will soon vie to build hundreds – if not thousands – of units of housing on the Balboa Reservoir site, which is owned by the Public Utilities Commission.

This issue has also resonated in Oakland, where an affordable housing battle has taken shape over a market-rate condo building set to rise next to Lake Merritt on public land. Mayor Libby Schaaf said the city also needs strong policies to guide public land development.

The Nov. 3 ballot will be packed with land-use issues if proponents collect more than 9,000 signatures by July 16:

  1. After a legislative effort failed earlier this month, Mission advocates are gearing up to bring to the ballot a 18-to-30 month moratorium on pricey condos and apartments. If advocates can’t get enough signatures, it could go on the ballot next year.
  2. A $300 million bond that would pay for public housing, low-income housing and middle-income housing, but must get two-thirds of voters’ support. Progressives have said they’re eyeing a slightly larger bond to pay for more.
  3. Voters will get a say on the Giants’ Mission Rock project, which will have about 1,500 apartment units and 1.5 million square feet of commercial space. It has the full support of the mayor’s office and Board of Supervisors, but will get opposition from the Sierra Club.
  4. Opponents of Airbnb filed a measure to impose stricter regulations on short-term rentals.
  5. The Flower Mart redevelopment site owned by Kilroy Realty Corp. may hit the ballot if the developer can’t find common ground with advocates pushing for lower rents and more space for flower vendors. The two sides are said to be close to a deal to avoid the ballot, however.